The mountain gorilla is an endangered species. Today, less than 1,000 individuals are spread out across two main sites: the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and the Virunga Volcanic Range. It is estimated that half of the entire world population of these gorillas live in Uganda today.
Uganda has been hit relatively hard by deforestation, particularly due to demand for coal and firewood. However, a recent financial assistance program has proven effective in encouraging local landowners to preserve trees on their property to help reduce forest loss.
The Land of Water
Whilst Uganda has no coastline, water is certainly present nonetheless! Countless lakes and streams make up about a quarter the total land area. The country also shares Lake Victoria - the continent's largest freshwater lake - with neighbouring Tanzania and Kenya.
Uganda is one of the 10 largest coffee producers in the world. It is the second largest exporter in Africa, just behind Ethiopia; the crop accounts for approximately 20% of export profits. Roughly one-fifth of the country's population lives partially or entirely off coffee production.
A Youthful Population
Uganda is the "youngest" country in the world, whereby the average age of citizens is 15 years old. The nation also has a proportionately high fertility rate: on average, women in Uganda give birth to roughly six children. The last 10 years have brought about extremely rapid population growth, posing as a challenge for the country.
History & Language
Following its independence in 1962, Uganda was under more than 20 years of military rule until Yoweri Museveni came to power in 1986. As a former British colony, the country retained English as its official language; Swahili became the second official language in 2005.
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