Sri Lanka is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean, about 30 kilometres from the coast of India. The republic is home to 21 million inhabitants and its total territory is about two times the size of the country of Belgium.
Names & Origins
In Sanskrit, Sri means "venerable" and Lanka means "resplendent island". The country's most famous nicknames are "Pearl of the Ocean", "Buddha Garden" and "Teardrop of India".
The working languages of Sri Lanka are Sinhalese and Tamil. But fear not, spoken English is common; you will always have a listening ear!
Culture & Nature
Sri Lanka abounds with cultural wealth: the remains of royal cities, centuries-old temples, Buddha emblems and the list goes on. The country's natural bounty is also particularly attractive: lush jungles, white sandy beaches...
Over the Years...
Ceylon was originally a Portuguese colony before being ruled by the Dutch. It then fell under the control of the British Empire and finally declared its independence in 1948. The country has been officially called Ceylon Sri Lanka since 1972.
The majority of Sri Lanka's population is of Sinhalese Buddhist denomination, while the Tamil minority is Hindu. The Tamil Tigers have fought for the independence of their state, particularly during the civil war that ended in 2009.
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