Ecuador has numerous active and inactive volcanoes, which belong to the Northern Volcanic Zone of the Andes. Some of the volcanoes loom from over 5,000 metres above sea level!
The yellow represents the diversity of Ecuador, the blue is for the sea and the sky, and the red stands for the blood of those who fought for independence.
Did You Know?
Quito, Ecuador's capital, is the second-largest city in the country, following Guayaquil.
A Famous Market
The Plaza de los Ponchos Mercado is one of the country's largest markets, where colourful handicrafts (like rugs, sweaters, hammocks and fabrics) can be found in abundance.
Ecuador's 2008 Constitution (the country's 20th constitution) is the first in the world to recognise legally enforceable rights of nature: ecosystem rights.
Sugar was the official currency of Ecuador from 1884 to 2000 until it was replaced by the US dollar.
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